Understand the risks.
Although UFE complications are rare, any medical procedure carries some degree of risk. Despite the low risk factor, it is important to understand the potential complications associated with UFE. These include:
- Embolization of non-target organs (bowel, bladder, nerves, and buttock)
- Sexual dysfunction related to non-target embolization (cervicovaginal branch)
- Transient amenorrhea (absence of period)
- Common short-term allergic reaction/rash
- Vaginal discharge/infection
- Possible fibroid passage (transcervical passage of fibroid; can cause discharge, cramps, and possible urinary retention)
- Post-embolization syndrome (post-procedure pain, fever, tiredness, and elevated white blood cell count)
- Premature menopause
The effects of UFE on the ability to become pregnant and carry a fetus to term, and on the development of the fetus, have not been determined. As with any medical procedure, discuss all risks and complications with your physician.
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